Familial, Social, and Individual Factors Contributing to Risk for Adolescent Substance Use PMC

Much of the literature regarding the influences of peer relationships on adolescent substance use focuses primarily on alcohol and cigarette use [48, 52, 53]. Though these areas are important to address, it will be necessary for future research to also focus specifically on marijuana and synthetic marijuana use and prescription drug abuse. Future research should focus on evaluating the effectiveness of specific intervention components with standardized intervention and outcome measures. Furthermore, the inclusion of gender differences in the family system influencing substance abuse and criminal conducts and of higher quality evidence, especially from low- and middle-income countries on effective interventions, to prevent and manage substance abuse among adolescents will be useful. A majority of the studies (13 articles) were from the United States of America (USA) [25–27, 29–31, 34, 36–45], three studies were from the Asia region [32, 33, 38], four studies were from Europe [24, 28, 40, 44], and one study was from Latin America [35], Africa [43] and Mediterranean [45].

  • The odds of being in a higher category of alcohol use when behavioural control through guilt was at category were 12.8 times when compared to level 2 (Table 3).
  • When youth transition into adulthood and have more freedom to shape their social world, genetic vulnerabilities may be more likely to be expressed (Dick & Foroud, 2003).
  • This may be because victims of maltreatment use drugs and alcohol as coping mechanisms rather than purely for social reasons.

Risk Factors for Adolescent Substance Use

The proportional odds assumptions were assessed using a full likelihood ratio test comparing the fitted model to a model with varying location parameters where p-values greater than 0.05 are considered acceptable. Deviance and Pearson goodness-of-fit tests were performed with an indication that the model was a good fit to the observed data whenever p- value was greater than 0.05. If you aren’t prepared to answer questions, parents might let teens know that you’ll talk about the topic at a later time. If those friends are older, teens can find themselves in situations that are riskier than they’re used to.

DOMAIN: family factors

  • In addition, a discussion regarding possible differences across biological sex and age on the effect of each socialization context will be provided when available.
  • Namely, parental substance use and parental permission to use substances (primarily alcohol use) have shown a strong impact on adolescent substance use behavior (Colder, Shyhalla & Frndak, 2018; Jackson, Ennett, Dickinson, & Bowling, 2012; Rusby, Light, Crowley, & Westling, 2018).
  • Although school engagement is believed to be more volatile during adolescence compared to other developmental stages, the effect of low school connectedness on substance use behavior continues into adulthood (Henry et al., 2012).
  • Although a large sample enhanced the likelihood of statistically significant results, it did not dictate the pattern of predicted differences that were confirmed almost without exception.

Research demonstrates that when examined in the same model, youth disclosure is a more robust predictor of adolescent substance use than the knowledge parents acquire through active surveillance methods (Jiang, Yu, Zhang, Bao, & Zhu, 2016). It is likely that youth disclosure may be facilitated in part to an open and trusting parent-child relationship and strong emotional family bonds (Kerr et al., 2010). To understand familial patterns of SUD, family-based research has focused on differentiating between risk mediated primarily by genetics from risk mediated primarily by behavioral modeling through exposure to parental SUD and delineating the risk posed by the combination of both. In a larger longitudinal study of predominantly males with and without ADHD, Biederman and colleagues8 found an association between exposure to parental SUD and SUD in offspring after controlling for both family history and ADHD.

what family factor is not associated with teen drug abuse?

Tween and teen health

This aspect has however provoked a large quantity of research on children’s perceptions of parental behaviour [17]. Sharing, control through guilt, strictness and affection statistically significantly predicted adolescent alcohol use even when ethnicity teen drug abuse was controlled for. The research team studied New York State birth records from 227 families when their children were 12 months old. Livingston and colleagues then followed up with these families when the same children were between 15 and 17 years old.

Adolescence and Risky Behaviors

Structure familiale et consommation de drogues chez les adolescents: Une etude des familles monoparentales

Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention of Substance Use Disorders through Socioecological Strategies – National Academy of Medicine

Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention of Substance Use Disorders through Socioecological Strategies.

Posted: Wed, 06 Sep 2023 07:00:00 GMT [source]

what family factor is not associated with teen drug abuse?

Varying Effects Across Age and Biological Sex

  • In this definition, hyperactivity includes fidgeting and continuously moving, and impulsivity is characterized by interruptions and inability to wait [68].
  • In this case, it may be useful to carefully query George about his perception of how his drinking is affecting his family.
  • Modelling was first performed for each independent variable against adolescent alcohol, cannabis and other illicit substance use.
  • Alcohol use significantly differed according to adolescent ethnicity, whereby the odds of higher frequency of alcohol use for colored respondents was 16 times and 14 times higher than that of white and black respondents respectively (Table 2).
  • Some studies indicate that boys are more susceptible to deviant and non-deviant peer influences, including substance use (e.g., Miller, 2010; Steinberg & Monahan, 2007).

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